David W. Taylor (DD-551) was launched 4 July 1943 by Gulf
Shipbuilding Co., Chickasaw, AL, sponsored by Mrs. Imogene Taylor Powell,
daughter of Rear Admiral Taylor; and commissioned 18 September 1943, Lieutenant
Commander W. H. Johnsen in command.
David W. Taylor escorted a convoy of merchantmen from
Charleston, SC, to Pearl Harbor arriving 20 January 1944. Three days later she
got underway to screen a support convoy to the Gilbert and Marshall Islands,
returning to Pearl Harbor 29 February. After escorting Intrepid (CV-11)
to San Francisco, she sailed from Pearl Harbor 1 April to patrol in the
Marshalls until 12 May. Returning to Pearl Harbor 18 May, she had training
duties there until 7 June.
From 15 June to 4 August 1944 David W. Taylor sailed in the
screen of escort carriers and fleet oilers supporting the Marianas operation.
On 4 July she and Riddle (DE-185) attacked and sank the Japanese
submarine I-10 in 15° 26' N, 147° 48' E. She joined the 3rd Fleet 19
August, and sailed out of Manus screening the logistics group supporting the
fast carrier task forces in their raids preparing for and accompanying the
capture and occupation of the southern Palaus. With her base of operations
Ulithi from 29 October David W. Taylor continued to screen the logistics
group until 22 November when she joined the carriers for air attacks on Luzon
in support of the invading troops on Leyte.
On 29 December 1944 she sailed from Ulithi for the air raids on the
Bonins, bombarding Chichi Jima 5 January 1945. At 0745 that day an underwater
explosion, probably a mine, heavily damaged the ship and killed four men, but
disciplined and skillful damage control brought her safely to Saipan 7 January
under her own power. She continued to Hunter's Point, CA, for an overhaul and
repairs from 13 February to 7 May.
Sailing from San Diego 15 May 1945 David W. Taylor bombarded
Emidj Island in the Marshalls on 18 June on her way to Okinawa, arriving 30
June. She operated with a task group off Okinawa and on sweeps of the China
coast against Japanese shipping until the end of the war. She arrived at
Takasu, Kyushu, 4 September, as escort for a convoy carrying occupation troops.
She covered the landings at Wakanoura Wan and Nagoya until sailing 31 October
for San Diego, arriving 17 November. David W. Taylor was placed out of
commission in reserve there 17 August 1946.
David W. Taylor received eight battle stars for World War II
She was transferred to Spain 15 May 1951, now serving as Admirante