Dyson (DD-572) was launched 15 April 1942 by Consolidated
Steel Corp., Orange, TX, sponsored by Mrs. Charles Wilson Dyson, widow of Rear
Admiral Dyson; and commissioned 30 December 1942, Commander R. Gano in command.
After escort and screening duty along the east coast and to the
Caribbean, Dyson sailed from New York 14 May 1943 for the Pacific. She
joined TF 36 at Noumea, and served from this base and Espiritu Santo in support
of the consolidation of the Solomons, patrolling, and escorting convoys. In
August she began operating in the Solomons themselves. On the night of 3-4
September in company with Pringle (DD-477) she intercepted and sank two
barges and damaged another between Choiseul and Kolombangara while patrolling
to block Japanese movements by water. Later that month on a similar sweep, she
fired on an unidentified ship which burned and disappeared from sight.
Returning to Espiritu Santo in October 1943, Dyson with the
other ships of famed Destroyer Squadron 23; sailed to cover the landings at
Cape Torokina, Bougainville, and on 1 November made an attack on airfields in
the Buka-Monis area and the Shortland Islands to deny their use by the Japanese
to attack the Allied landings. That night in the Battle of Empress Augusta Bay,
TF 39 intercepted and turned back a Japanese force sailing to attack the
transports in the bay. The torpedo attacks and gunfire of Dyson and the
other destroyers were a significant factor in sinking a Japanese cruiser and
destroyer, and damaging four other enemy ships.
Dyson saw action in the bombardment of Buka Airdrome 17
November, and on the night of 24-26 November, took part in the classic
destroyer action, the Battle off Cape St. George in which Captain A. A. Burke's
destroyers sank three Japanese destroyers and severely damaged two more which
were attempting to evacuate aviation personnel from the doomed Buka area to New
Britain. The "Little Beavers" of Destroyer Squadron 23 won this striking
victory without a casualty.
Dyson remained in the Solomons until March 1944. She
continued to harass the coast of Bougainville and patrol the shipping lanes to
Rabaul to prevent Japanese reinforcements from reaching the northern Solomons.
In February she joined the support force for the invasion of Green Island, then
made two sweeps off New Ireland hunting Japanese shipping and bombarding
Kavieng. On the second of these, on 22 February the destroyers sank two cargo
vessels, a destroyer minelayer, a patrol craft and two barges, and Dyson
captured 31 of the 73 prisoners of war taken from Claudia Maru. On the 23rd of
February she pounded shore targets on Duke of York Island, and in March joined
TF 31 to cover the invasion of Emirau.
Dyson joined TF 58, 26 March 1944 and screened the fast
carriers during the raids on Palau, Yap, Ulithi and Woleai of 30 March to 1
April, the Hollandia operations from 21 to 23 April; and the strikes on Truk,
Satawan and Ponape from 29 April to 1 May. After replenishing at Majuro, she
sortied with TF 58 again in June for preinvasion strikes on Saipan and Pagan
and diversionary raids on the Bonins, screened the carriers during the Battle
of the Philippine Sea, then began direct participation in the capture of the
Marianas. She hunted Japanese shipping off Guam and Rota, bombarded gun
emplacements and fired on barges.
After a west coast overhaul, Dyson joined TF 38 at Ulithi in
November and took part in the strikes on Luzon, Formosa, the China coast, and
the Nansei Shoto coordinated with the battle for Leyte and the invasion of
Luzon. Reporting to TF 78 for duty in February 1945, she escorted convoys from
San Pedro Bay to Subic Bay and patrolled and bombarded troop concentrations in
the capture of Corregidor. When Saunter (AM-295) was damaged by a mine
26 February, Dyson took off her wounded and aided in the salvage
operations. The destroyer continued to serve in the Philippines, taking part in
the landings on Panay, Los Negros, and Mindanao Islands.
On 16 May 1945 Dyson arrived at Okinawa for patrol, radar
picket, local escort, and air-sea rescue duty until the end of the war. She
sailed for the States 10 September, arriving at Washington, DC, 17 October. Two
days later Secretary of the Navy, J. V. Forrestal presented Destroyer Squadron
23 with the Presidential Unit Citation for their outstanding performance in
action in the Solomons in 1943-44.
Reporting to the Naval Base at Charleston, SC, Dyson furnished
electrical power for a group of decommissioned destroyers until placed out of
commission in reserve 31 March 1947. On 17 February 1960, Dyson was lent
to the Federal Republic of Germany, with whose navy she serves as Z-5.
In addition to her Presidential Unit Citation, Dyson received
11 battle stars for World War II service.