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Hull Number: DD-878

Launch Date: 12/29/1944

Commissioned Date: 04/23/1945

Decommissioned Date: 12/01/1976

Call Sign: NBHQ

Voice Call Sign: BASKET (59), MILKPUNCH (66-67)

Other Designations: DDR-878


Class: GEARING

GEARING Class

Data for USS Gearing (DD-710) as of 1945


Length Overall: 390’ 6"

Beam: 40’ 10"

Draft: 14’ 4"

Standard Displacement: 2,425 tons

Full Load Displacement: 3,479 tons

Fuel capacity: 4,647 barrels

Armament:

Six 5″/38 caliber guns
Two 40mm twin anti-aircraft mounts
Two 40mm quadruple anti-aircraft mounts
Two 21″ quintuple torpedo tubes

Complement:

20 Officers
325 Enlisted

Propulsion:

4 Boilers
2 General Electric Turbines: 60,000 horsepower

Highest speed on trials: 34.6 knots

Namesake: KAY KOPI VESOLE

KAY KOPI VESOLE

Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, April 2016

Rear Adm. Samuel McGowan, born at Laurens, S.C., 1 September 1870, was commissioned assistant paymaster 15 March 1894. On 1 July 1914 he was appointed paymaster general and Chief of the Bureau of Supplies and Accounts with the rank of rear admiral. Holding that office until his retirement in 1920, he was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal for the preparation and execution of plans to maintain the fleets during World War I. He died 11 November 1934 at Laurens.


Disposition:

Disposed of in support of Fleet Training Exercise. Expended as a target April 14, 1983. 20 Degrees 48 mins N, 64 Degrees 12 mins W. Depth 2800 Fathoms.


A Tin Can Sailors Destroyer History

USS VESOLE DD-878

The Tin Can Sailor, July 1993

VESOLE was a “Gearing” Class destroyer. The Gearing’s were a late war modification of the Sumners, adding 14 feet to the waterline length and 135 tons to the standard displacement. The purpose of this modification was to add fuel oil bunkerage thus increasing the endurance over the Sumners.

Laid down on 3 July 1944, launched 29 December 1944 at Consolidated, VESOLE was commissioned 23 April 1945 as a conventional 10 tube destroyer. Immediately thereafter, VESOLE went to Norfolk for conversion to a Radar Picket. This entailed the removal of all torpedo tubes, and the installation of a tripod mainmast with altitude determination radar and electronic counter-measures equipment. The aft quintuple tube bank was replaced by an additional quad 40 mount bringing the 40mm barrels to a then impressive total of 16 located on five mounts. Experience on the radar picket stations of Iwo Jima and Okinawa dictated the alterations to VESOLE and her radar picket sisters. They were scheduled to bear the brunt of picket duties in the coming invasion of Japan in November 1945. The destroyer forces took a terrible pounding since the advent of kamikaze tactics in November 1944 and fresh ships and capabilities were sorely needed.

While enroute to forward areas in the Pacific in August 1945, two atomic bombs ended the war with Japan. VESOLE proceeded with USS BOXER (CV-21) to Tokyo Bay, then operated with DesRon 16, and DesRon 12 in Task Forces which included the carriers LEXINGTON and INTREPID. VESSOLE’s travels ranged far and wide from Hong Kong to the Philippines and from China and Japan to Okinawa, Guam, and Saipan.

VESOLE returned to the Atlantic in January 1947, bearing the Flag of DesRon 14, to begin a long career as a unit of the Atlantic Fleet. This entailed many trips to the Med and to Northern Europe. In March 1953, she completed a major 5 month long overhaul at Norfolk. This replaced the 40’s with rapid-fire 3’50s in dual mounts, the deletion of the tripod mainmast and the receipt of a taller, stronger foremast. She received highly sophisticated radar and communications equipment, and continued on in her radar picket role. She was awarded the Armed Forced Expeditionary medal for service of Lebanon in 1958 and again in 1962 for service during the Cuban missile quarantine.

In 1964, VESOLE received FRAM modifications that included ASROC and DASH, along with improved radars, sonar, and communications. She was then reclassified as a conventional DD. Airborne radars replaced the radar picket function. (It is interesting to note, the British without either sea based or land based AWACS capability in the Falklands, had to return to using DD/FF ships for picket duty!)

In 1965-66 VESOLE was the first Atlantic Fleet DD to do a tour in Vietnam. She served in “Market Time” operations involving coastal interdiction, gunfire support missions, and she also screened carriers in the Gulf of Tonkin. She earned two battle stars for her Vietnam service. Her journey back to the East Coast was made to the west and thus became an around the world cruise.

Thereafter, VESOLE made many more trips to the Med, to the Indian Ocean, and to South America for bilingual naval operations with various South American Navies. She made her final Med cruise in January 1976. She served off Lebanon during the crisis there and was part of a force penetrating the Black Sea. VESOLE was decommissioned and stricken from the Navy list on 1 December 1976. She was scheduled to be transferred to a Foreign Power in 1980, probably for spares as were some of her sisters. That never took place. VESOLE was expended as a target in 1983! Better that than scraping. VESOLER’s are proud of a great ship! They faced a suicide mission in Japan, fought other battles when called upon, were an arm of Foreign Policy showing strength or diplomacy as required, all as a team and as a family! VESOLER’s should be proud!

Oh yes, should you think destroyer operations are dull and routine, VESOLE was involved in three separate collisions at sea, in 1948 with the USS MISSOURI (BB-63) while refueling, in 1959, USS LEARY (DDR-879), and in 1965 with USS HAWKINS DD-873. You must admit, when VESOLE tangled it was with something her own size or bigger!

USS VESOLE DD-878 Ship History

Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (Published 1981)

Vesole (DD-878) was laid down on 3 July 1944 at Orange, Tex., by the Consolidated Steel Corp.; launched on 29 December 1944; sponsored by Mrs. Kay K. Vesole; and commissioned on 23 April 1945, Comdr. H. E. Townsend in command.

Following a short visit to Galveston, Tex., Vesole got underway on 11 May for Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. She completed shakedown training on 10 June and left the West Indies, bound for Norfolk, Va. The ship arrived at Norfolk on the 12th and began conversion to a radar picket destroyer. The alterations were completed on 29 July, and the ship stood out of Chesapeake Bay for additional training along the east coast and in the West Indies.

She concluded training on 13 August and set a course for the Panama Canal. While en route, she received word of the Japanese capitulation but continued on toward the Pacific Ocean. She transited the canal on 16 August, reported for duty with the Pacific Fleet, and continued on to San Diego, where she arrived on 24 August. On the 28th, the destroyer put to sea once again and steamed to Pearl Harbor where she joined aircraft carrier Boxer (CV-21) for the voyage to Japan.

During her more than a year in the Far East, Vesole conducted numerous training evolutions, usually in company with a carrier task group-most frequently with Boxer, Lexington (CV-16), or Intrepid (CV-11). She ranged the China coast, making visits frequently at Tsingtao and Shanghai, and also calling at the Japanese ports of Tokyo, Kure, and Yokosuka. On two occasions during the winter of 1945 and 1946, the warship made round-trip voyages front Japan to the Marianas and back. Later in 1946, she added Okinawa and Hong Kong to her itinerary while continuing to stop at Japanese, Chinese, and Philippine ports of call. In November of 1946, she departed Tsingtao for the last time and headed home. After a stop at Guam on the 29th and a similarly brief visit to Pearl Harbor, she arrived in San Diego on 16 December.

On 6 January 1947, the destroyer stood out of San Diego in company with the other units of Destroyer Division (DesDiv) 141 and headed, via the Panama Canal, back to the east coast. She made a six-day layover at Norfolk from 23 to 29 January and arrived at the New York Naval Shipyard where she began a three-month overhaul. She completed repairs on 30 April and put to sea for sea trials. In June, she conducted refresher training. Various exercises out of Newport, R.I., occupied her time until 2 September at which time she put to sea, bound for European waters.

She arrived in Plymouth, England, on 11 September and spent the next five months visiting such ports as Antwerp, Belgium, and Lisbon, Portugal, as well as a number of British ports. She departed Plymouth on 4 February 1948 and headed back to the United States. On St. Valentine’s Day 1948, Vesole arrived back in Newport.

A short, four-month period of normal operations along the east coast ensued. On 5 June, the ship once again embarked upon a voyage to western Europe, this time with Naval Academy midshipmen embarked and in company with a carrier task force built around Coral Sea (CV-43). Conducting all manner of training evolutions along the way, Vesole steamed to Lisbon, Portugal, and thence into the Mediterranean. The task group operated in the Mediterranean until 12 July at which time it headed for Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. Following another month of training in the West Indies, Vesole disembarked the midshipmen at Annapolis on 24 August and then entered the Boston Naval Shipyard for a two-month overhaul. In November, the warship began post-overhaul refresher training first in Narragansett Bay and later in the West Indies.

Following five months of normal 2d Fleet operations, Vesole departed Newport on 18 April 1949 for another deployment to the Mediterranean Sea. That assignment, which consisted primarily of training duty, lasted until 17 September, when the warship pointed her bow homeward. She reentered Newport on the 25th and resumed operations along the east coast. That employment, which included both cold weather and Caribbean duty, lasted until 3 May 1950 when she got underway from Norfolk with TG 88.1 to return to the Mediterranean.

Over the next five months, the destroyer visited a host of ports along the Mediterranean littoral and conducted a number of exercises in cooperation with the fast carriers as well as amphibious training and independent ship’s drills. She concluded that tour of duty in the “middle sea” late in September and returned to the United States at Norfolk on 4 October.

The ship began a yard overhaul almost immediately, and it lasted until 15 February 1951 at which time she began a six-week period of refresher training in the West Indies. The warship returned to Norfolk on 3 April and began preparations for another cruise to the Mediterranean. On 15 May, Vesole departed Norfolk to join the 6th Fleet. Once again, she conducted a variety of training exercises-including a multinational one, Operation “Beehive,” with units of the British, French, and Italian navies-punctuated by frequent calls at ports throughout the Mediterranean. The destroyer took leave of the Mediterranean at Gibraltar on 23 September and returned to Norfolk on 6 October.

Vesole resumed normal 2d Fleet operations once more. These included a major Atlantic Fleet exercise, amphibious exercises, and a convoy exercise. After a short visit to the New York Naval Shipyard for the installation of new electronic gear, she steamed back to Norfolk to prepare for another deployment to the Mediterranean Sea. She departed Norfolk on 21 April 1952 and, for the next six months, executed the normal 6th Fleet schedule of exercises and port visits. The warship left Lisbon, Portugal, on 11 October and arrived back in Norfolk on the 20th.

For the next five months, Vesole underwent extensive alternations at the Norfolk Naval Shipyard. She traded her 40-rnillimeter antiaircraft battery for six 3-inch 50-caliber rapid fire guns in dual mounts. Her aftermast was removed, and a taller mast was installed forward. In addition, she received much highly sophisticated radar, electronic, and communications equipment. She completed the alterations at the end of March 1953 and, late in April, put to sea for refresher training in the Guantanamo Bay operating area. At the conclusion of refresher training, the destroyer returned to Norfolk, arriving there on 14 June. She resumed operations out of Norfolk until sailing once again for the Mediterranean on 16 September 1953.

Over the next decade, Vesole continued to alternate deployments to the 6th Fleet in the Mediterranean with periods of normal operations along the east coast and in the West Indies. During her 1958 tour of duty, Vesole earned the Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal as a unit of the contingency force established in the eastern Mediterranean during the internal crisis in Lebanon.

In 1962, she earned that same award as a result of the quarantine placed on Cuba due to the siting of Russian missiles on that island. The destroyer participated actively in that operation, patrolling the area between Key West, Fla. and Havana, Cuba. She inspected two of the Russian merchant ships charged with removing the missiles from Cuba and visually accounted for 12 of the 42 missiles. Other than for her participation in those two crises, the decade between 1953 and 1963 passed routinely with training duty along the east coast, Mediterranean deployments, overhauls, and the like.

January of 1964 found her in the Philadelphia Naval Shipyard undergoing a fleet rehabilitation and modernization (FRAM) overhaul to improve her antisubmarine warfare capabilities. The alterations included significant superstructure modifications and internal changes. Living compartments and messes were improved, but more importantly, she received a drone antisubmarine helicopter (DASH) hangar-for later augmentation with the helicopter itself-as well as new radar, electronic warfare equipment, and an antisubmarine rocket (ASROC) launcher.

The warship completed her FRAM modifications late in September of 1964 and, on 7 October, departed Philadelphia for her new home port, Newport, R.I., her base for operations with the Atlantic Fleet as a unit of the Hunter/Killer Antisubmarine Warfare Group. That duty continued until late in 1965 when she embarked upon her only deployment to the Vietnam war zone. She spent late 1965 and early 1966 engaged in “Market Time” operations off the Vietnamese coast -the interdiction of enemy coastwise logistics operations-and in gunfire duties supporting the troops fighting ashore. She also served intermittently in the antisubmarine screen of the carriers operating off Vietnam in the Gulf of Tonkin.

After upkeep at Subic Bay, she got underway with DesRon 24 to return to Newport. Steaming via the Indian Ocean, the Suez Canal, the Mediterranean Sea, and the Atlantic Ocean, Vesole arrived back in Newport on 8 April 1966. During the next six years, the warship made four deployments overseas: three with the Middle East Force in the Indian Ocean and one with NATO’s Standing Naval Force in the eastern Atlantic and in European waters. After seven months of normal east coast duty, Yesole departed Newport and headed via the Mediterranean and the Suez Canal to her first tour of duty with the Middle East Force stationed in the Indian Ocean. On 29 December, she transited the Suez Canal and relieved Johnston (DD-821) at Port Sudan. That assignment consisted entirely of training evolutions and goodwill visits to East African and Persian Gulf ports. She concluded that tour of duty on 28 February 1967 when she retransited the Suez Canal and reentered the Mediterranean. She crossed the “middle sea” and the Atlantic Ocean and arrived back in Newport on 21 March.

Normal operations, as far south as Jacksonville, Fla., occupied her time for the remainder of the year. During the first two months of 1968, she conducted exercises in the West Indies before returning north for a yard overhaul. The warship entered the Boston Naval Shipyard on 12 April 1968 and remained there until 19 August. Following refresher training in the West Indies in September and October, Vesole returned to Newport on 7 November to prepare for her next deployment.

On 6 January 1969, the destroyer stood out of Newport bound for the Netherlands and duty with NATO’s  Standing Naval Force in the Atlantic. She reached Den Helder on 18 January and began her five-month tour of duty. That assignment was made up of a series of multinational fleet exercises and goodwill visits to western European ports. On 17 May, following a NATO review in which Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain participated, she concluded her assignment in European waters and headed back to the United States. Vesole returned to the United States at Norfolk on 2 June and reentered her homeport, Newport, almost a month later on 1 July. The warship remained there over six weeks, before getting underway on 19 August to proceed to her new homeport, Charleston, S.C.

Vesole operated out of Charleston for the remainder of the year and during the first two months of 1970. On 3 March, she left Charleston to deploy for a second time to the Indian Ocean. On this occasion, she took the long route, around the Cape of Good Hope, calling at various African ports along the way. She reported for duty with the Middle East Force at Diego Suarez in the Malagasy Republic during the second week in April. For the next six months, the destroyer plied the Indian Ocean conducting exercises-alone, with other ships of the Middle East Force, and with units of foreign navies-making port calls along the Indian Ocean littoral. She was finally relieved of that duty at Mombasa, Kenya, during the second week in August. The destroyer departed Mombasa on 14 August and, again taking the Cape of Good Hope route, headed back to Charleston, where she  arrived on 18 September.

Vesole operated along   the east coast of the United States for just over a year. During that time, she participated in tests of the Harpoon missile system and of the Poseidon missile. She planeguarded for aircraft carriers conducting pilot carrier qualifications and participated in a number of exercises. On 23 September 1971, she got underway from Charleston, bound ultimately for her last tour of duty with the Middle East Force. After stops at Recife, Brazil, and several African ports, the warship arrived in Majunga in the Malagasy Republic on 29 October to report for duty. Once again, goodwill port visits and exercises highlighted her deployment. After only four months in the Indian Ocean, she was relieved by Charles P. Cecil (DD-835) at Mombasa during the second week in February 1972. On Lincoln’s Birthday 1972, the destroyer began the long voyage home. Again rounding the Cape of Good Hope and crossing, the Atlantic, she arrived back in Charleston on 11 March 1972. She conducted local operations out of Charleston until 5 July when she entered the Charleston Naval Shipyard for a four-month overhaul.

When Vesole emerged from the shipyard in November 1972, she began her last four years as an active ship in the Navy. Those four years brought three more overseas cruises-two with the 6th Fleet in the Mediterranean and one to South America for a series of UNITAS exercises with South American navies. Immediately following overhaul, the warship conducted sea trials and refresher training which continued until March of 1973. On 19 March, she returned to Charleston to begin converting her main propulsion plant to the use of Navy distillate fuel. That conversion was completed on 24 May at which time she returned to sea for trials and then for normal 2d Fleet operations. On 27 July, she departed Charleston for UNITAS XIV, a series of binational exercise conducted in cooperation with various South American navies. During that deployment, she transited the Panama Canal to operate in the Pacific with units of the Peruvian and Chilean navies. The deployment also brought exercises with the navies of Colombia, Brazil, Uruguay, and Argentina. Vesole ended her long UNITAS voyage back at Charleston on 15 December.

After the holidays, she began 11 months of duty out of Charleston. Gunnery, ASROC, and tropedo exercises predominated during that time, but she also trained with aircraft carriers. On 15 November 1974, she departed Charleston to return to the 6th Fleet in the Mediterranean after a four-year hiatus. That deployment lasted until 5 May 1975 at which time she departed Rota, Spain, to return to the United States. The ship arrived back in Charleston on 15 May; and, after an availability alongside tender Sierra (AD-18), she resumed operations at sea out of Charleston. The warship remained so employed until the beginning of 1976, her last year of active service to the Navy.

On 6 January 1976, Vesole departed Charleston for her final overseas deployment, fittingly enough with the 6th Fleet. She arrived in Rota, Spain, on 17 January and entered the “middle sea” on the 19th. During that deployment, she participated in Exercise “Silver Fox,” conducted in the Black Sea, and constituted a unit of the contingency force dispatched to the eastern Mediterranean from 3 April to 15 May is a result of internal strife in Lebanon. Vesole concluded that deployment at Charleston on 28 July 1976. The destroyer was placed out of commission there on 1 December 1976. Her name was struck from the Navy list on that same day; and, as of January 1980, her transfer to a foreign government was still pending.

Vesole earned two battle stars for her service in the Vietnam conflict.

USS VESOLE DD-878 Ship History

Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, April 2016

McGowan (DD‑678) was laid down 30 June 1943 by the Federal Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Co., Kearny, N.J.; launched 14 November 1943; sponsored by Mrs. Rose McG. Cantey, sister of Rear Admiral McGowan; and commissioned 20 December 1943, Comdr. James B. Weiler in command.

Postshakedown training completed in time to participate in the Marianas campaign, McGowan arrived at Roi, Kwajalein Atoll, 31 May 1944. Ten days later she sailed with TG 52.17 for Saipan. On 14 June she screened the bombardment ships. The next day, during the invasion, she added fire support to her duties, disposing of a fuel dump and artillery emplacements endangering forces on the beach. As the beachhead expanded, McGowan continued to support the assault forces with counterbattery and harassing fire until the 23d, when she retired to Eniwetok. Next assigned to TG 53.1 she screened the transports carrying troops to Guam, remained through the initial landing operations, and then set course back to Saipan. There she rejoined TG 52.17 for screening and fire support missions during the Tinian phase of the conquest of the Marianas.

At the end of July McGowan sailed to Guadalcanal to prepare for the amphibious assault on the Palaus. Her TG 32.2, sortied 8 September, arriving in the transport area east of the Palaus on the 15th. McGowan remained in that area until the 17th when, with her transport group, she moved toward Angaur Island. There she took position in the antisubmarine screen, remaining through the 22d.

The destroyer then cruised south to Manus, the staging area for the upcoming Leyte operation. On 11 October she got underway, screening LSTs and LCIs of the 7th Fleet to Leyte. During the assault on Dulag, 20 October, she served as fighter‑director for aircraft covering the landings. In the early hours of the 25th she participated in DesRon 54-s torpedo attack on Japanese men‑of‑war, weakening them as they steamed up Surigao Strait into defeat at the hands of Rear Admiral Oldendorf and his battleline.

Within 48 hours McGowan was underway for Hollandia, from where she screened convoys to the Philippines until after the Mindoro landings in December. She sailed into Lingayen Gulf, 11 January 1945, to take part in the Luzon offensive. As part of the antiaircraft screen off the San Fabian beachhead, she warded off the suicide planes of the Japanese Special Attack Corps until the 14th, when she returned to escort work.

At the end of the month she joined the fast carriers, TF 58, getting underway with them 8 February. Speeding north, they struck at Honshu in mid‑February. Next, getting a southerly course, they supported the Iwo Jima campaign and then, in March, returned to the Japanese home islands for further strikes. Throughout April and May they provided support for the troops fighting oil Okinawa as they struck at enemy military and industrial targets from Formosa to Kyushu. Replenishing in the Philippines in early June, they extended their range northward again and by 1 July were headed for objectives on Honshu, Hokkaido, and the Kuriles.

Following the strikes on the Kuriles, McGowan was detached from T.F. 38 and ordered back to the west coast for overhaul. While at Adak, 14 August, she received word of the Japanese surrender. Assigned to the 9th Fleet she steamed back to Japan for occupation duty in the Ominato Naval Base area. Oil 12 October she departed Honshu for the United States. Arriving in November, she underwent overhaul, and on 30 April 1946 she decommissioned and entered the San Diego Group, Pacific Reserve Fleet.

Less than 5 years later the outbreak of hostilities in Korea required an expansion of the active fleet. McGowan recommissioned 6 July 1951 and by 1952 had transited the Panama Canal and reported for duty in the Atlantic Fleet. By May she was involved in training for Far Eastern deployment. She departed Newport 6 September and arrived at Yokosuka 20 October. On 17 November, following operations with TF 96 off Okinawa, McGowan rendezvoused with TF 77 in the combat area. As a unit of the U.N. Naval Force she cruised along the Korean east coast providing close fire support for U.N. troops and periodically took station off Wonsan to bombard. Upon leaving the battle area she called at Buckner and Subic Bays, Singapore, Calcutta, Aden, Suez, and Gibraltar, arriving Newport 11 April 1953.

Home ported there, McGowan operated on the eastern seaboard, deploying annually to the Mediterranean, for the next 7 years. During her 1956‑58 oversea deployments she was involved in peacekeeping operations in the volatile eastern Mediterranean. In the spring of 1956 she cruised in the Red Sea area and then the Port Said area as British troops withdrew from the Suez Canal zone, returning to Newport before nationalization of the canal. Subsequent events led, in the fall, to the brief war between British, French, Israeli, and Egyptian forces. Tension remained high and in May 1957 McGowan was back in the Mediterranean. On the 22d, she, with three other ships of DesDiv 202, became the first warships to transit the Suez Canal since its reopening to maximum draft ships (9 April 1957). She then cruised in the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf to insure safe passage of American merchant shipping to Israel and Jordan.

By late spring of 1958, as McGowan again returned to the eastern Mediterranean, Jordan and Lebanon were threatened with coups d’etat in the continued struggle for leadership of the Arab world. In July, President Chamoun of Lebanon requested the aid of the United States in insuring the stability of his government, while Jordan made a similar request to Britain. On the 15th, the 6th Fleet stood off the Lebanese coast while landing the marines. On the 16th, McGowan arrived from another tense area, Cyprus. She remained at Beirut through the 20th, then got underway to take a patrol station off the coast, remaining until 1 August. She resumed operations to the north, and in September departed for Newport. arriving on the 30th.

In October of 1960 McGowan was designated for transfer to the Government of Spain on a renewable 5‑year loan under the terms of the Military Assistance Program. On 30 November 1960, at Barcelona, McGowan decommissioned and the following day became the Jorge Juan (D‑25). Thus she ended her 17‑year career in the U.S. Navy, beginning one with the Spanish Navy which continues with distinction in 1969.

McGowan received nine battle stars for World War II service, and two for Korean service.