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Hull Number: DD-495

Launch Date: 04/05/1942

Commissioned Date: 02/25/1943

Decommissioned Date: 08/17/1955

Call Sign: NXTW

Other Designations: DMS-35



Data for USS Gleaves (DD-423) as of 1945

Length Overall: 348’ 4"

Beam: 36’ 1"

Draft: 13’ 6"

Standard Displacement: 1,630 tons

Full Load Displacement: 2,525 tons

Fuel capacity: 2,928 barrels


Four 5″/38 caliber guns
Two 40mm twin anti-aircraft mounts
Two 21″ quintuple torpedo tub


16 Officers
260 Enlisted


4 Boilers
2 Westinghouse Turbines: 50,000 horsepower

Highest speed on trials: 37.4 knots



Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, June 2016

Samuel Endicott served as a quarter gunner on board Enterprise in the Barbary Wars. He volunteered to participate in the expedition under Lieutenant Stephen Decatur, Jr., commanding Intrepid, who entered the harbor at Tripoli on 16 February 1804 and destroyed the former U.S. Frigate Philadelphia.


Stricken 11/1/1969. Sold 10/06/1970.

A Tin Can Sailors Destroyer History


The Tin Can Sailor, January 2001

Launched in Seattle on 5 April 1942, the ENDICOTT (DD-495) was commissioned on 25 February 1943. Ordered to the Atlantic Fleet, she escorted convoys to Africa, Ireland, Panama, and Trinidad until 24 May 1944. That morning, the ENDICOTT collided with the freighter SS EXHIBITOR and as a result missed the Normandy invasion while undergoing repairs in England.

She rejoined the fleet in July 1944 and soon was busy convoying landing craft to the Mediterranean for the invasion of Southern France. Assigned a diversionary action with the British gunboats SCARAB and APHIS and seventeen PT boats, the ENDICOTT attacked La Ciotat, successfully luring enemy troops away from St. Tropez, the actual landing site. During the action, the ENDICOTT sank a German merchantman and then rushed to aid the SCARAB and APHIS, which were under attack by two German corvettes. The destroyer closed to 1,500 yards, and in a battle of less than an hour her guns sank the two corvettes, with a single injury to only one ENDICOTT crewmember. She went on to rescue 169 survivors from the German vessels.

After Christmas, she escorted the cruiser QUINCY (CA-71), which carried President Roosevelt to the Yalta Conference. Following several more convoys, she entered the Charleston Navy Yard in May 1945 and emerged a high speed minesweeper. At war’s end, she was in the Pacific working with the minesweeping force in the Yellow Sea. The ENDICOTT accounted for sixty-four of the 350 Japanese mines they removed. Early in 1946 she led her task group on a sweep of the Inland Sea and then headed for home.

September 1948 found her en route to Tsingtao, China, where the following spring she helped evacuate Americans during the Communist takeover. With the start of the Korean War in June 1950, she was on duty screening the carriers BADOENG STRAIT (CVE-116) and SICILY (CVE-118) as their planes attacked the enemy along Korea’s southern coast. She then moved on to support UN troops fighting at Chin Hae Man, west of Pusan. Her guns targeted enemy tanks, trucks, ammunition dumps, troop concentrations, roads and rail lines, and command posts. On 15 September she escorted a Korean LST carrying 700 guerilla troops in a commando raid on Chang Sa Dong. On the beach, the LST met heavy tank and gun fire, which the ENDICOTT’s guns soon silenced. Five hours later, the LST’s load of troops and equipment was ashore, but she had broached and lay helpless. The ENDICOTT stood guard until the cruiser HELENA (CA-75) and minesweeper DOYLE (DMS-34, ex-DD-494) relieved her.

After the Inchon landings, she shelled enemy positions along the east coast and covered the mine force clearing the channels into Wonsan. During the operation, the minesweepers PIRATE (AM-275) and PLEDGE (AM-277) struck contact mines and quickly sank. For the next two hours, the ENDICOTT returned fire from the shore as her boats wove through the mine field collecting survivors. Her crew rescued 122 officers and men, who were carried to the hospital ship REPOSE at Pusan.

With Wonsan Harbor clear of mines, the ENDICOTT and the minesweeping force moved on in early December to clear a channel into Hungnam for the evacuation of 60,000 troops. January 1951 brought snow and heavy seas causing a Thai naval vessel to ground on an enemy held beach. The ENDICOTT rescued three men washed overboard from a Thai pulling boat and towed the boat back to her mother ship. The next day when a rescue helicopter crashed and exploded on the Thai vessel’s bridge the ENDICOTT’s doctor and chief medic went ashore to care for the casualties until they could be evacuated.

The mine forces swept northward, and in early February the ENDICOTT was bound for Wonsan to cover the landing of ROK marines. She then headed home. Back in November 1951, she bombarded Songjin in North Korea. While covering minesweepers in Songjin’s harbor, the ENDICOTT helped turn back a North Korean assault on the island of Yang Do. In the action the ship received minor damage, but none of her crew were injured. In April 1952 she left Songjin to bombard industrial, rail, and road targets in the Chuunonjang area. At 1112 on 19 April, she opened fire on a large warehouse and immediately found herself the target of nine shore batteries. The ENDICOTT returned their fire and over the next thirteen minutes managed to dodge an estimated 150 rounds before one tore a hole in her stern below the waterline. Just in time, the DOYLE arrived and covered the ENDICOTT as she moved out of range. Damage control measures kept the flooding in her stern peak tank under control as the ENDICOTT fought high winds and rough seas en route to Songjin. A successful patch put her back in action until her return to Long Beach for overhaul.

Following another tour in Korea supporting minesweeping operations, she returned to California where on 17 August 1954 she was decommissioned. Reclassified DD-495 on 15 July 1955, the ENDICOTT was stricken from the navy lists on 1 November 1969 and sold for scrap on 6 October 1970.

USS ENDICOTT DD-495 Ship History

Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, June 2016

Endicott (DD-495) was launched by the Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corp., Seattle, Wash., on 5 April 1942; sponsored by Miss Bettie L. Rankin; and commissioned 25 February 1943, with Lieutenant Commander W. S. Heald, in command.

The destroyer underwent shakedown off San Diego, was ordered to the Atlantic Fleet and in her first year escorted two convoys to Africa and one to Ireland, Panama, and Trinidad.

In preparation for the European invasion Endicott served as escort for merchantmen and transports until 24 May 1944 when she collided with the freighter SS Exhibitor and was forced to undergo repairs at Cardiff, South Wales.

Endicott rejoined the fleet on 12 July and escorted LSTs and LCIs into the Mediterranean for the buildup preparatory to the attack on southern France. The destroyer, together with British gunboats Scarab, Aphis, and 17 motor torpedo boats, was scheduled to make a diversionary attack against the coast at La Ciotat. The feint successfully deceived the enemy and Endicott sank a German merchantman during the bombardment. She then hastened to rescue the British gunboats in their uneven match against two German corvettes, Nimet Allah and Capriola, and though battle weary she destroyed both. She continued to support coastal operations off southern France by escorting a convoy to Corsica, and HMS Eastway to Salerno.

Endicott underwent overhaul and refresher training from October through the end of 1944. In January 1945 she sailed via Bermuda on the scouting line, then proceeded to rendezvous with TG 21.5 to escort Quincy (CA-71) in whom President Franklin D. Roosevelt was embarked, to Yalta and back to New York.

She escorted a convoy to Oran in mid-April and then entered the Charleston Navy Yard for conversion to a high-speed minesweeper. She was reclassified DMS-35 on 30 May 1945. Dispatched to the Pacific, she arrived in San Diego three days after the Japanese surrender.

Endicott reported to Task Force 52 at Okinawa on 23 September 1945 to begin the huge task of ridding the Yellow Sea of mines. Designated flagship of the sweeping group, she conducted similar operations in the Inland Sea and Kure area as well.

After a period of overhaul in May 1946, she operated out of San Diego in peacetime patrols and local exercises until the outbreak of the Korean war.

In June 1950 she weighed anchor for the coast of Korea where she screened carriers Badoeng Strait (CVE-116) and Sicily (CVE-118). Steaming to Chinhae Wan in August, she lent direct fire support to the U.N. troops and on 15 September escorted a Korean LST in a feint attack against Chang Sa Dong. When the LST broached, Endicott stood guard until help arrived.

She continued her harassment of the enemy following the Inchon landings, cruising along the east coast of Korea and supporting the minesweeping force. For the remainder of the year she afforded sweeping assistance at Wonsan and then at Hungnam prior to the evacuation of troops forced by the penetration of the Chinese Communists.

In January 1951 she rescued the crew of the grounded Siamese frigate Prase and stood guard until the latter had to be destroyed. Early in February she led a mine-sweeping force in bombarding the port of Wonsan and sweeping to the northward.

An overhaul in San Diego was succeeded by Endicott’s second tour in Korean waters. She reported to Commander Naval Forces in October and returned to shore bombardment and patrol. During the first half of 1952 she cruised on the Songjin Patrol and devoted the last 4 months of the year to overhaul at Long Beach. Early in 1953 she again sailed for the Far East to patrol and provide gun support for minesweepers operating in the Korean area. Endicott received repairs at Long Beach in August and thereafter conducted individual and fleet exercises in local waters. On 17 August 1954 she was decommissioned and placed in reserve at San Diego. Endicott was reclassified DD-495 on 15 July 1955.