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Hull Number: DD-266

Launch Date: 11/02/2018

Commissioned Date: 05/09/2019

Decommissioned Date: 11/24/1945

Other Designations: AVD-13 APD-36


Class: CLEMSON

CLEMSON Class


Namesake: SAMUEL DANA GREENE

SAMUEL DANA GREENE

Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (Published 1968)

Samuel Dana Greene, born 11 February 1839 in Cumberland, MD, was appointed acting midshipman 21 September 1855. He was executive officer in Monitor during her classic battle with ironclad CSS Virginia 8 March 1862 and assumed command after his Captain Worden was wounded. He was also executive officer in Monitor in the engagements in the James River, VA, April-May 1862, and when she foundered in a gale. Commander Greene died 11 December 1884 at Portsmouth, NH and was buried in Bristol, RI.


Disposition:

Stricken 12/5/1945


A Tin Can Sailors Destroyer History

USS GREENE DD-266

The Tin Can Sailor, January 2014

The USS GREENE (DD-266) was named for Samuel Dana Greene, executive officer in the iron clad MONITOR during her classic Civil War battle with the C.S.S. VIRGINIA in March 1862 and assumed command after his captain was wounded. DD-266 was launched in November 1918 by the Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corp., of Quincy, Mass., and commissioned in May 1919. Following a visit to England, she sailed to San Diego, where she was decommissioned in June 1922. Recommissioned in June 1940 and redesignated AVD-13 in April 1941, she conducted training and tended seaplanes off Puerto Rico and Bermuda.

One week after the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor, the GREENE sailed for Brazil where she served as a seaplane tender until the summer of 1942. She operated in the South Atlantic until the summer of 1942 and served as escort on voyages to Bermuda and Rio de Janeiro. Leaving Norfolk in February 1943, she steamed to Argentia, Newfoundland, to operate with the BOGUE (ACV-9), a new escort carrier designed to hunt down German submarines in the North Atlantic. Both warships sailed in April 1943 to escort a convoy to Londonderry, Ireland. They made the eastward passage without incident, but on the return voyage, were involved in a major engagement with enemy submarines. On 21-22 May, the carrier’s aircraft attacked the submarines as they attempted to rendezvous for mass attack. The BOGUE’s planes made six attacks on the submarines, sinking the U-569 and capturing twenty-four Germans.

During a second antisubmarine patrol between May and June 1943, the BOGUE and her escorts, including the GREENE, shared repeated, successes, sinking the U-317 on 5 June, and the U-118 a week later. For those two successful antisubmarine operations, the GREENE received the Presidential Unit Citation. The BOGUE group was the first of a series of hunter-killer units that would spell the doom of the German submarine menace.

Until the fall of 1943, the GREENE escorted a fast troop convoy from Norfolk to the United Kingdom and back and operated off Bermuda. On 5 October she sailed as a carrier escort for the USS CORE (CVE-13) with the BELKNAP (DD-251) and GOLDSBOROUGH (DD-188). On 20 October the group sank the E-378. The GREENE returned to Charleston in January 1944 for conversion to high speed transport and was designated APD-36 on 1 February 1944. After intensive training, she left home in April for Oran, Algeria, to take part in Operation Dragoon, the invasion of Southern France. On 14 August, she left the staging area off Corsica, to land American and Canadian troops on the Levant and Port Cros Islands off the coast of France. The GREENE’s troops successfully seized the strategic islands and silenced long range coastal batteries thought to be emplaced there. Once the islands were secured, landing forces discovered that many of the German “guns” were no more than stove pipes. The stage was set for 15 August and the D-day assault on the mainland.

Following that operation, the GREENE served on escort duty in the Mediterranean until December 1944 when she left Oran for Norfolk. At sea again in January 1945, the warship steamed via Panama to Ulithi where she began escort duties in March. During April she escorted four carriers to Okinawa during the battle for that island. She returned to Guam to meet another Okinawan convoy then served on the antisubmarine picket line off the island. The GREENE continued escort duties between Okinawa, Saipan, and the Philippines until the fall of 1945.

With the cessation of hostilities, she evacuated ex-prisoners of war from Nagasaki after that port was razed by the second atomic bomb dropped on Japan. She moored at Okinawa on 24 September and was there on 9 October 1945 when the island was struck by disastrous typhoon. Its winds that exceeded 100 knots drove the GREENE aground on the northwest coast of Kutaka. She was damaged beyond repair. After all useful material had been salvaged, she was decommissioned on 23 November 1945 and struck from the navy list on 5 December 1945.

USS GREENE DD-266 Ship History

Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (Published 1968)

Greene (DD-266) was launched 2 November 1918 by the Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corp., Quincy, MA, sponsored by Mrs. John Stevens Conover, the namesake’s daughter, and commissioned 9 May 1919, Comdr. R. A. Theobald in command.

Greene sailed from Newport, 5 June 1919 for Brest via Plymouth, England, and returned to New York 27 July. Underway again 18 August, she put in at San Diego, CA, 22 December and decommissioned there in March 1920. Remaining in the Reserve Destroyer Force until 10 September 1921, she sailed from San Diego that date for the Puget Sound Navy Yard. Greene returned shortly thereafter to San Francisco, arriving 2 December 1921, and decommissioned there 17 June 1922.

Recommissioned 28 June 1940 at San Diego, Greene was towed to San Francisco and was redesignated AVD-13 6 April 1941 following conversion. She sailed 27 April for the Caribbean and conducted training and tended seaplanes off Puerto Rico and Bermuda.

One week after the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor Greene sailed for Brazil. Until the summer of 1942 she served as seaplane tender at Natal with one call at Rio de Janeiro for repairs in February 1942. She returned to Charleston 18 July 1942. She escorted a convoy from Norfolk to Bermuda and operated in the South Atlantic for the next 6 months as a convoy escort, making two voyages to Rio de Janeiro. Back at Norfolk 26 February 1943, she steamed thence to Argentia, Newfoundland, to operate with Bogue, one of the new escort carriers designed to hunt down German submarines in the North Atlantic. Both warships sailed 23 April to escort a convoy to Londonderry, Ireland, and made the eastward passage without incident. On the return leg of the voyage, however, one of the first major engagements between carrier-based aircraft and submarines attempting a rendezvous for mass attack occurred 21-22 May when Bogue’s planes made six attacks on submarines and sank U-569 in 50° 40 N, 35° 21 W. Twenty-four Germans were captured.

During a second antisubmarine patrol from 31 May to 20 June 1943, Bogue and her escorts, including Greene shared repeated successes sinking U-2l7 5 June in 30° 18 N, 42° 50 W, and U-118 in 30-49 N, 33-49 W one week later. For these two successful antisubmarine operations Greene received the Presidential Unit Citation. The Bogue group was the first of a series of hunter-killer units which was to spell the doom of the German submarine menace.

Subsequently, until the fall of 1943 Greene escorted a fast troop convoy from Norfolk to the United Kingdom and return, and operated off Bermuda. On 5 October she sailed as carrier escort for Core in company with Belknap and Goldsborough. On 20 October the group sank U-378 in 47-40 N, 28-27 W.

Greene returned to Charleston 19 January 1944 for conversion to high speed transport and was designated APD-36 on 1 February 1944. After intensive training she stood out 12 April for Oran, Algeria, to take part in Operation Dragoon the invasion of Southern France. On 14 August, when she left the staging area at Propriano, Corsica, and landed American and Canadian troops on the Levant and Port Cros Islands off the coast of France between Toulon and Cannes. Greene’s troops were assigned to the mission of seizing the strategic islands and silencing long range coastal batteries thought to be emplaced there. That day, the islands were secured many of the German “guns” turned out to be stove pipes and the stage was set for the 15 August D-day assault on the mainland.

With her tasks accomplished, Greene served on escort duty in the Mediterranean until departing Oran 6 December 1944 for Norfolk, where she put in 21 December. Underway once more 29 January 1945, the far-ranging warship steamed via Panama to reach Ulithi 31 March and commenced escort duties. During April she escorted four carriers to Okinawa while the battle for that island raged. She returned to Guam to meet another Okinawan convoy, and stood antisubmarine picket line duty off Okinawa. Until the fall of 1945 Greene continued escort duties between Okinawa, Saipan, and the Philippines. At war’s end, she evacuated ex-prisoners of war from Nagasaki after that port had been razed by the second atomic bomb dropped on Japan, and moored at Okinawa 24 September.

Greene’s long dynamic career came to an end in a dramatic manner. During the famous 9 October 1945 typhoon at Okinawa, winds in excess of 100 knots drove her aground on the northwest coast of Kutaka. Damaged beyond economical repair, all useful material was salvaged. She decommissioned 23 November 1945. Greene was struck from the Navy List 5 December 1945.

Greene received three battle stars and the Presidential Unit Citation for World War II service.